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Culture of India


Indian classical dance is inseparable from the culture of the country. They come from the civilization of the Vedas and the Natyashastra, which is the sacred collection in which the dramatic art is codified. The religious aspect is therefore very present in the Indian dance. There are six forms of dances: bharata natyam, kathak, kathakali, manipuri, kuchipudi and odissi.

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The vicissitudes of history make the "classical" Indian music divided into two great schools: Hindustanic music (in the north of the country) and Carnatic music (in the South). This geographical separation, located at the level of the city of Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh), originated from the implantation of the various conquerors, notably the Mughals, who influenced the Indian arts.

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The classical Indian literature is constituted by texts written in Sanskrit during antiquity. The vedas (sacred texts of the Brahmins) are the oldest (between -2000 and -1000 BC) The narratives were written in the form of epic poems (Mahabharata, Ramayana), but literature has developed little because tradition, stories were transmitted orally from generation to generation and were not systematically laid down on paper.

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The cinema began to truly become an industry from the 1920s. There were more and more directors and more and more production houses. On March 14, 1931 Ardershir Irani made the first speaking film. The 1930s saw the development of cinema in the regional language and that of a "social" cinema demanding.

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Ayurvedic medicine

Ayurvedic medicine, or ayurveda, has always been part of the culture of India. The first notions of ayurveda date back to 3000 BC and are mentioned in the Vedas. Ayurveda means "knowledge of life" in Sanskrit. The doctors who practice it are called vaidyas.

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The Sacred Cows

Of all the surprises that India reserves for tourists, that of the sacred cow is undoubtedly the best known and the most amusing. What is more curious for a westerner than to see these cows stroll freely in the streets, insensitive to the traffic jams they sometimes cause. It is legitimate to ask why in a poor country, where some areas are still suffering famine, the cow is not exploited for its meat, as it is for the wealthy industrialized countries.

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See also:

Geography of India

Photos of India

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