Chronology of the history of India

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Chronology of the history of India


This document lists the main dates in the history of India. It all begins between -3000 BC. JC and -2000, when the first civilizations settled in the valley of the Indus. from 1500 onwards, Aryan peoples from the Northwest invaded the north of India and mingled with the population or repelled the Dravidians towards the South.

-1000
Priests dominate society. The caste system appears. It was at this time that the Vedas, sacred texts of Hinduism, were written.
-500
Appearance of Buddhism and jainism
-400
The Mahabharata is written
-327
Incursion of the troops of Alexander the Great in the north of India
-321
Chandragupta Maurya founds the empire of Maurya
-297
Bindusara, son of Chandragupta, continues the expansion of the kingdom
-273
Ashoka Maurya takes the succession, until -232, and is converted to the Buddhism of -262. It extends the empire which reaches its apogee. At his death, the empire was torn apart and the conquerors infiltrated the north. Little by little, all the tribes integrate and gather around hinduism
50
Kushans and Kanishkas control northern India
320
Chandragupta I founded the Gupta dynasty in eastern India
Vers 400
The Gupta unify India and allow the development of Indian classical art. This brilliant civilization will last for two centuries before the invasion of the Huns. However, some southern empires resist and retain their regional influence (Chera, Pallava, Chola ...)
711
The first Muslims, led by Muhammad Bin Qasim, arrive in India
Vers l’an 1000
Arab incursions became more frequent and sink more and more, while in the south the Chola extended their influence. At the end of the twelfth century the Arab presence became permanent in the north of India
1206
Qutb-ud-din, the first Sultan of Delhi
1290
Jalaludin Firuz Khalji founds the Khalji dynasty and makes Delhi its capital
1320
Ghiyasuddin Tughluq upsets the Khalji
1328
Mohammed Tughluq upsets the Hoysala kingdom
1336
Foundation of the Hindu Kingdom of Vijayanagar at Deccan
1451
The Lodi dynasty controls Delhi
1510
Portuguese disembark in Goa and take control of the region
1526
Babur, founder of the Mughal dynasty, overthrew the Lodi after the battle of Panipat
1556-1605
Reign of Akbar. A great monarch, he decides on the rapprochement between Hindus and Muslims. It extends its power by winning many battles against its neighbors
1565
Muslims destroy the Vijayanagar Empire.
1609
The Dutch open a counter in Pulicat
1612
The English establish their first counter in Surat
1631
Shah Jahan, grandson of Akbar, built a mausoleum for his wife: the Taj Mahal
1639
The English build Fort St. George in Madras
1672
The French found the counter of Pondichéry
1707
The end of the reign of Aurangzeb also marks the end of the Mughals in India
1757
The British beat the French in Plassey, Bengal, and extend their influence
1803
India is now under British control almost entirely. The country is administered by the East India Company, which abuses its power
1829
The English prohibit the practice of sati, a Hindu tradition that a widow is sacrificed with her husband
1838
A tripartite treaty is signed between the British, Shah Shuka and Ranjit Singh
1848
After years of fighting, the British defeated the Sikhs and annexed the Punjab
1857
Revolt of the Sepoys. This mutiny puts an end to the administration of the East India Company. Creation of the Empire of the Indies under British control. The Indian economy regains a certain boom
1877
Victoria, Queen of England, was proclaimed Empress of the Indies
1885
David Hume created the Congress party. Indians call for more power
1905
Bengale score
1911
The British make Delhi the capital of the Empire of India. Construction of New Delhi
1915
Mohandas Gandhi returns to his native country
1922
Gandhi initiates the Civil Disobedience Movement
1942
The Congress Party votes the Quit India Resolution. As the name suggests, it provides for the departure of the English for the benefit of the Indians. Party leaders arrested
February 1947
Lord Mountbatten was elevated to the rank of Vice-King of India
15 August 1947
After several years of struggle, the independence of India is proclaimed. Nehru became Prime Minister. The majority Muslims in the Indus Basin decide to secede and form, in blood, Pakistan
30 January 1948
Mahatma Gandhi is assassinated by a Hindu extremist
1964
Death of Jawaharlal Nehru
1965
India and Pakistan clash in Kashmir
1966
Indira Gandhi, daughter of Nehru, was elected Prime Minister until 1977
1971
Bangladesh becomes independent. Resumption of the conflict with Pakistan
1980
Return to power of Indira Gandhi
31 october 1984
Indira Gandhi is murdered by two of her Sikh bodyguards. They thus avenge the attack of the Golden Temple of Amritsar, sacred place of Sikhs
3 December 1984
Chemical disaster in Bhopal: several thousand dead
21 may 1991
Rajiv Gandhi is assassinated after succeeding his mother in power. The murder is claimed by the Tamils of Sri Lanka
1992-93
Terrorist wave in Bombay and Delhi after the destruction of a mosque by Hindus in Ayodhya
1997
Kocheri Raman Narayanam was elected President of the Republic until 2002
1998
The Hindu party, the BJP, returned to power in favor of a parliamentary alliance. Its leader, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, becomes Prime Minister
1999
Kocheri Raman Narayanam provokes new general elections after a parliamentary crisis. The BJP obtains the relative majority. A. Vajpayee is re-elected Prime Minister in October


See also:

Complete history of India




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